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jlg1 Profile
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INTERVALS AND CHORD CONSTRUCTION


Hi guys,

Just wondering if any of you know a system for learning intervals that is quick and easy to? - i.e, making it easy to remember the "more difficult" intervals i.e, minor 6ths etc.. I actually mean covering every interval from root right up to major 13th in ALL KEYS?

I am studying some theory for a test at the minute and it seems to be taking ages to get the intervals to a point where you can remember ANY intervals in ANY key?

I basically could be asked any interval and the make up of any chord from a C major to an G7b5#9 etc...

Any tips?

Cheers

James
5/19/2008, 8:39 pm Link to this post Send Email to jlg1   Send PM to jlg1
 
451layla Profile
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Re: INTERVALS AND CHORD CONSTRUCTION


Hi James,

Doesn't matter which key or which interval - just look at the root note involved and look at the degrees of the major scale to work out the interval. If you don't know the names of the notes on the fretboard, learn th names of the notes on the fifth fret, and you can 'deduct' what note names are from tracing upward from the 5th fret, or downward from the twelve fret (same principle applies higher up the neck.

If you worked on this for 30 mins a day for two weeks, I bet you'd master it and never worry about it again!

Give it a try!

(got to remember when naming a note that the degree dictates whether you call the note sharp or flat - and watch out for E#/F and B#/C!)

Last edited by 451layla, 5/24/2008, 6:25 pm
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jlg1 Profile
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Re: INTERVALS AND CHORD CONSTRUCTION


Ok Dave,

Thanks for the reply to this - only noticing it now!

After a lot of stdy I am 90% up to speed on the intervals though one thing I noticed with the RGT Grade 8 is the absence of Aug 4 and Minor 6th in their interval chart - they are calling these b5 and bb7th - why I dont know but was on with one of the examiners and he said "they are in there" as the above.

Just something that was bugging me as I wanted to make sure (just in case) that I answered with the correct term as you say - E# (when asked for a #9 above D etc...) and also the Fx i.e, F## - takes bit of getting to grips with - just constant study I guess - has worked for me.

All the best

James
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Re: INTERVALS AND CHORD CONSTRUCTION


Hey guys, I am brushing up on my theory because I got an advanced student. I am learning all the intervals again etc............ But how do these things apply in real situations? Out side of teaching and when I learned when I was young, why are these important. Apparently I did not get it back then, and i am not seeing it know either?

---
Love to teach, but still learning!

http://www.guitarlessonssarasota.com/
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zen guitar Profile
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Re: INTERVALS AND CHORD CONSTRUCTION


to gaetano:

Knowledge of intervals helps with a few things, but usually it is in combination with some other knowledge you have, i.e. just knowledge of an interval by itself may not do you any good. For example, I use intervals when constructing chords, but you have to know your chord formulas too. Knowing your intervals + chord formulas (by memory) = the ability to construct any chord in any key, with ease. But again, this requires another piece of knowledge to work at it's best, in this example, you also need to know how the intervals / notes are laid out on your fretboard as well.

I also use intervals when sight reading music --- If I see a interval of a third written on the staff, and I know how thirds are laid out on the fretboard / scale, I can simply play a third when I see it on the sheet, or any other interval. This is hard to grasp unless you read music with some fluency, and if you don't read music fluently, this is one reason why you don't (lack of interval mastery).

The third way I use intervals is when I improvise / create melodic ideas. It is often very helpful and opens up a wealth of melodic ideas to think in intervals. This might mean creating a line in one interval such as third, fourths or fifths. Or this may just mean combining the intervals to discover different melodic effects. Intervals are also the foundation of sequences, because when you create a sequence you are simply creating a pattern of intervals. Yeah sure you can create a sequence with no technical knowledge of intervals 'by ear', but understanding the intervals gives you a higher level of mastery over things like this, and allow you to also create more complex and sophisticated ideas.

The last way I can think of using intervals is the ear training aspect: being able to hear intervals makes you a stronger player. If you are listening to a recording and are trying to figure out what someone is playing (i.e. transcribe a song) being able to easily identify the intervals by ear means you will learn things by ear much faster. This also means when you have a melodic idea in your imagination, you will be able to realize that idea better because you can actually identify the intervals that you are 'hearing' in your mind.

So I hope this gives you some ideas as to the usefulness of intervals, I use them all the time, sometimes consciously and sometimes subconsciously.
4/28/2010, 10:03 pm Link to this post Send Email to zen guitar   Send PM to zen guitar
 
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Re: INTERVALS AND CHORD CONSTRUCTION


James,
I'm sure you've moved on in your studies and you are a wiz at intervals and chord construction by now but I wanted to post this to help others with the same desire you have to learn more about them.

My own curiosity about music theory led me to create a device that works like a slide rule to show chords, modes, notes, and chord progressions in any key. It's called the Harmonizer. It's great for getting a complete, visual picture of how all these elements of music work together. I think you'll like it. It helped me. Click the link: http://www.lotusmusic.com/harmonizer.html

Cheers,
Tom Michero

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Re: INTERVALS AND CHORD CONSTRUCTION


I used EarMaster5 to train my ear to intervals from Unison to 14th. Only a computer program can offer random questions so as not to repeat familiar patterns (I never saw the advantage of CD based ear training courses).

For the fretboard geometry I said the intervals out loud while playing up and down scales. Even better to say (sing) them in pitch and get for 2 for the price of 1.

If you want to know the use of intervals I think "Chord Tone Soloing" by Berret Tagliarino is a good book, he also wrote "Fretboard workout" which is like a big puzzle book for the fretboard.

Last edited by Arpeggio789, 7/21/2013, 3:45 pm
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